It’s perfectly possible to protect statistics about low-income consumers from undue effects of carbon taxes.
The consumers themselves are another matter entirely. There are 40 million poor Americans, who would be affected by carbon taxes 40 million different ways. The central planner, in order to do his gruesome work, must necessarily round them off to the Average Poor Person.
But let’s not mistake his assumptions for reality. Carbon taxes, compensating subsidies, or any other blunt interventions in people’s well-being inevitably create winners and losers who fly under the statistician’s radar. A few thousand people (a minor-league Elon Musk?) will enjoy a great windfall. Another few thousand will get crushed under the planner’s bulldozer treads.
What happened to “first, do no harm?”